# How to Measure Obesity?

According to scientific measures, obesity has its limits. The two most commonly used measurements for shimmering are; Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) measurement.

Body Mass Index (BMI) is commonly used to determine obesity based on the World Health Organization’s classification of obesity. BMI is a value obtained by dividing an individual’s body weight (kg) by the square of his height (in meters) (BKI = kg / m2). According to the obtained value, it can be decided whether it is obese or at risk. BMI is used to estimate body weight according to height and does not provide information about body fat distribution.

For example, the calculation of the body mass index of a person who is 170 centimeters long and weighs 70 kilograms is as follows:

1.7X1.7= 2.89

70:2.89=24.2 kg/m2

24.2 value obtained with this calculation shows the status of the person in terms of obesity risk, body mass index.

## What do body mass index scores mean in obesity calculations?

Weighing between 0- 18,5 kg / m² : Underweight
It can be concluded that people whose body mass index is below 18 are weak according to their height and cannot eat enough and healthy. Although overweight is known to cause many diseases for human health, the body’s fat ratio is lower than normal may also be a health risk.

Weight between 18.5 – 24.9 kg / m² : Normal Weight
The fact that the body mass index is in this range can be interpreted as the right and healthy nutrition of the individual. In order to prevent obesity, this ratio should be maintained. For this, it is enough for individuals to exercise daily and maintain healthy eating habits.

25 to 29.9 kg / m² : Overweight
Body mass index between 25-29.9 kg / m² shows that the person is overweight according to his / her height and is in the risk group for many diseases. In such cases, it is recommended that the person assess their eating habits together with a specialist and exercise daily.

Between 30 and 39.9 kg / m²: Obese (Fat)
In cases where the obesity value exceeds 30, the danger bells ring for many diseases. Individuals in this group are potential candidates for heart, blood pressure, sugar, cholesterol and vascular diseases. It is very difficult for these people to overcome fatness on their own. Because the diseases caused by obesity in these people showed up and reached a stage that must be treated.

Above 40 kg / m²: Advanced Obese (Morbid Obese)
For people with a body mass index of 45 and above, there is no longer an option other than medical practices and treatment methods. It is noticeable that the person is overweight. In such cases, obesity is accompanied by heart, vascular disorders, diabetes, cholesterol, blood pressure problems and possibly many drugs should be used. In this respect, it should be kept in mind that obesity is an abnormal condition, it is contrary to the nature of the person and damages the natural functioning of all metabolism and precautions should be taken before the diseases start.

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