Obesity is one of the most common diseases in modern societies today. ”Obesity is derived from the Latin word ed obedere”. Obedere Latin means people who eat a lot.
Obesity; nutrient energy (calories) than the energy spent and the excess energy stored in the body as a fat (20% or more) resulting from the body’s fat mass is much more than the lean mass and cause a negative impact on the quality of life disease is considered. The World Health Organization describes obesity as very excessive fat accumulation in the body to the extent of disrupting health.
If the energy taken daily is more than the energy consumed, the unexpandable energy is stored as fat in the body and causes obesity. In parallel, developments in today’s technology have made life easier but have limited the daily movements to a considerable extent. Obesity as will be understood; nutrient energy (calories) than the energy spent and the excess energy stored as fat in the body (20% or more) as a result of the disease, resulting in a negative impact on quality of life and is considered to be a disease.
In the medical evaluation of obesity, height and weight ratios of individuals are examined. In other words, the decision whether an individual is overweight or obese is made by evaluating the height and weight ratios.
15-18% of body weight in adult men, 20-25% in women is composed of fat tissue. This rate increases above 25% in men and 30% in women.
First of all, it is very important to know where the adipose tissue is collected in the body for the diagnosis and treatment of obesity. The regions where fat tissue is collected can be divided into two types as Apple type and Pear type. In apple type obesity, fat accumulates around the navel. In pear type obesity, it is observed that it accumulates in hips and basins. However, it is accepted that fat accumulated around the navel is more dangerous than the hips and basins and the risk of developing heart diseases is higher. So the ratio of waist circumference to hip circumference gains importance. This value should be below 1. In terms of the risk of metabolic syndrome, waist circumference should be 102 cm in men and 88 cm in women.