What is Stomach Balloon?

Obesity is a serious health problem that causes major disorders in almost all systems of the body, especially cardiovascular and endocrine. Drugs used as non-surgical methods in the treatment of obesity cause long-term side effects. The most important reason why diets cannot be sustained is feelings of hunger and insatiability. Therefore, the use of gastric balloon has become increasingly common in the treatment of obesity. However, it is important to remember that the effect of the gastric balloon is temporary.

Stomach method is applied without endoscopy without surgical operation. This method is more preferred especially in patients at risk of surgical operations. In this method, an empty balloon is inserted into the stomach by the endoscopy instrument. The balloon is then inflated and the space occupied by the balloon is placed in the stomach, resulting in early satiety and satiety. Patients eat less food and eat more quickly. In this way, they start to lose weight. However, with this method, it is seen that the patient lost weight at the desired rate in the first period, but at the end of the first month the rate of weight loss begins to decrease. The most important reason for this is that the stomach expands with the effect of the balloon and increases its capacity. Even if gastric balloons are produced using various technologies to cover this expansion, they must be removed from the stomach when they reach the end of their life. Because stomach balloons can cause ulcers in the stomach wall when they stay in the stomach too much. If these wounds are not noticed and the balloon pressure continues, vital risks may arise as a result of opening in the stomach wall. Stomach balloons remain in the body for a period of approximately 6 months, and after the balloon was removed again with the feeling of hunger, weight loss was observed to be recovered by up to 100%.

Considering all these reasons, stomach balloon is mostly applied to patients who are prepared for obesity surgery because of high anesthesia risk in order to reduce the anesthesia risks before surgery.

Who is The Stomach Balloon?

  • Fat patients with a body mass index of 30-40 and therefore at risk of developing serious medical problems,
  • People who have been obese for at least five years,
  • In case of emergency requiring rapid weight loss,
  • In cases requiring temporary obesity treatment,
  • Type 2 diabetes patients who cannot be treated due to excess weight,
  • Patients with BMI above 40 or BMI 35-40 who cannot tolerate debilitating surgical interventions because they have serious medical problems or who do not wish to undergo surgical intervention despite having these characteristics,
  • It is applied in super obese patients to reduce surgical risks before obesity surgery.

Gastric Surgery Who Can Not Be Applied?

  • Obese people under the age of 16 and over 60,
  • Previous laparotomy (abdominal surgery) in obese patients,
  • In patients who have undergone severe laparoscopy,
  • Alcoholics, drug addicts,
  • Inflammatory diseases of the intestines,
  • For those who do not meet BMI criteria,
  • In rheumatic painkillers, blood thinners or systemic cortisone users,
  • Mentally impaired (3 months under the supervision of a psychiatrist)
  • Obese people with gastrointestinal bleeding or tendency to bleed,
  • Obese people with diseases such as inflammation and ulcers in the esophagus or who have undergone previous surgery in the gastrointestinal tract,
  • Application is not performed in obese people with gastric hernia.

Facts About Stomach Balloon

  • It is used in the temporary treatment of obesity.
  • It is inserted into the stomach by endoscopy and removed by endoscopy.
  • Provides 20-25% weight loss in 6 months.
  • The average life is 6 months. It must be removed after 6 months.
  • The weight lost after removal can be largely recovered.
  • Weakening of the obese patient before obesity surgery provides the prevention of surgical risks.
  • Helps to significantly reduce the risks of obesity-related diseases.
  • Surgeons and gastroenterologists with endoscopy experience should be performed and the patient should be followed carefully.