In the adjustable silicone gastric band method, also known as the stomach clamp, a band is placed around the stomach about 20 mm below the esophagus and the gastric junction. The inner wall of the band is like a longitudinal balloon, or bicycle tire. This balloon is connected to a port placed under the skin through a thin tube. The band is left down during surgery, but is gradually inflated with serum injections from the subcutaneous port after about 1 month. In this way, the size of the stomach passage after surgery can be changed with a simple intervention.
The band, made of silicone and without any allergic effects, divides the stomach into two compartments like an hourglass. When the small stomach pouch is filled with food, an early feeling of saturation occurs and food intake is reduced. As in other surgical methods, the basic method is to change the patient’s behavioral habits and eating patterns. If the band is removed, it may be possible to quickly return to weight before surgery. Therefore, this operation is not a permanent solution for morbid obesity unless the patient’s eating habits change. However, it can lead to serious weight loss and reduce the risks associated with secondary diseases associated with obesity, providing a healthier life.